Overview of Niger health condition
Niger is ranked as the second last developed country in the world by the United Nations Development Program (Human Development index-UN, 2014). Its population is estimated to about 17 million (Census, 2012). Over 60% of its population lives with under a dollar a day. One Nigerien child in four dies before reaching 5 years of age. Food insecurity, malnutrition, lack of basic health care is widespread problems in Niger; the country suffers from food shortages every year. (UN)
City: Tahoua (location of the hospital)
Tahoua is one of eight administrative Regions in Niger. The capital of the Region is the Commune of Tahoua. The Region covers 113,371 Km2. It has a population of 3,327,260 (Census, 2012)
In recent years, cases of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS), HTN, Diabetes, Renal failure, CHF, recto-vaginal fistula, and many OBGNY complications, diabetic retinopathy, cataract, refractive error, trachoma and onchocerciasis, etc have rapidly increased to the point where Diabetic retinopathy and visual impairment secondary to uncontrolled hypertension are now the leading cause of preventable blindness. CVD, CVA & Diabetes are the leading causes of many dead and comorbidity. Malaria continues to be the primary causes of mortality and morbidity.
A) In 2004, there were approximately three physicians per 100,000 people. (http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Niger.aspx)
B) In addition, there were only 23 nurses, four midwives and less than one dentist or pharmacist per 100,000 populations. (http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Niger.aspx)
C) Total health care expenditure was estimated at 2.6% of GDP. Approximately 59% of the population had access to safe drinking water and only 20% had adequate sanitation. (http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Niger.aspx)